Shutter Speed Tutorial, another learn-photography session: Today I will talk about shutter speed and why it is important to understand
Shutter Speed Tutorial: have you ever wondered how people are able to freeze motion in the images? Have you wondered how to capture long exposures just as capturing star trails or car trails? If you want to learn about shutter speed, you are in a right place, because this is a shutter speed tutorial. I am Saurav, and I am back talking about stuff related to photography. The first of this series was about Aperture. I explained to you what Aperture is and how it should be changed according to the change in a situation.
I am going to do the same here in this Shutter Speed tutorial. So let us understand what Shutter Speed is. To understand that, first, let us understand what is actually Shutter. So imagine your camera sensor as your Human Eye. So the shutter is actually the eyelid. Once the eyelid is closed, the shutter is closed. Basically, once your camera isn’t fired, the shutter is closed so that no light can come in and hit the camera sensor. when you press the shutter button, what exactly happens is your shutter is opened so that the light is allowed to come and hit the camera sensor. Once the sensor is done collecting all the light and collecting all the information it needs, the shutter closes, and that is how the image is captured.
Shutter Speed Tutorial: So what is shutter speed? Shutter Speed is actually the amount of time your shutter remains open.
Basically, the amount of time during which the light can come in and hit the camera sensor. So by adjusting the shutter speed, you are actually adjusting the amount of time during which your shutter is open. Shutter speed is expressed in seconds, mostly in a fraction of seconds. If you have heard of 1/2 of a second of shutter speed, it means you take one second and make two pieces of equal size of it while using only one piece out of it.
So you’re using only half second. Now imagine the shutter speed is 1/100th of a second. It means that you take 1 second, you make 100 equal pieces of it, and you are using only one piece that is 1/100th of a second. If the denominator is greater, the shutter speed is faster. For example, 1/4000th of a second is faster than 1/2000th of a second. So 1/2000th of a second is faster than 1/100th of a second and so on. This is one side of shutter speed the second side is where the shutter speed is 10 seconds where the camera is exposed for ten seconds to the scene. So the shutter speed can be 1/10th of a second, 10 seconds, 20 seconds, 30 seconds or more where the shutter is open for the longer duration of time. By changing the shutter speed, we can actually freeze the motion, or we can capture long star trails or car trails. This is long exposure photography.
So now our basic objective is to freeze the motion. That’s why what we want to do is to use a faster shutter speed. To achieve this, we may use shutter speed like 1/100th of a second or 1/200th of a second. So you have to use a very fast shutter speed. As I said in the previous tutorial, anything like 1/2000th of a second or 1/4000th of a second is going to be appropriate for most fast moving scenes, even a speeding car. Now when you do this kind of photography it might not be perfect the first time. You have to practice a couple of times, 10 times, or maybe even 20 times, and then you will get a perfect shot. Try shooting a moving subject and try different shutter speed to see what the outcome is.
Once you see that the shape isn’t intact, you have to practice a little bit till you start getting closer to perfect shots. If you see in the background there are lots of cars coming by and it’s very dark, it’s a proper situation where we can set a long exposure or slow shutter speed, something like 20 seconds or 30 seconds to get a good car trail shot. Thus, for car trails or long exposure you have to make sure you don’t have much light in the scene because since the light is going to hit the camera sensor for such huge amount of time, for 20 seconds, you need less light so after 20 seconds you get a good exposure.
So now start shooting some car trails and see what results you get. When you are taking images you will notice that some of your images are way too darker than you would expect or some of your images are way too bright. So this is where practice comes into play. You have to start practicing and experimenting with shutter speed settings so that you get an image which you had in mind. You have to practice a lot if you have to master the technique of shutter speed.
You can actually capture a star trails using a much longer exposure, something like or 1 and half hour to see the path of the stars. try experimenting with shutter speed and get certain cool effects. I hope you enjoyed this shutter speed tutorial. My next photography tutorial will be about ISO. If your friends are interested in photography, make sure you share this with them.
Until next time, have a great day, BYE.
As found on Youtube